Pug Studs

The Pug is originally from China. It is a small, affectionate and playful dog; the male is no more than 30 centimetres tall and weighs 8 to 10 kilos. It is popular as a companion dog and its price is affordable. This breed has been KC registered since 1871 in the UK.

Physical description

Its body is muscular and square. The head is large, round and covered with folds, and its snout is flat and square. Its eyes are large and dark. Its legs are straight and strong, and the tail curls in the shape of a “Q”.

The Pug’s coat is short, soft to the touch and shiny, somewhat similar to a Hungarian Vizsla. Distinctive colours are black, silver, or soft apricot with a black mask. It does not shed much hair, so brushing is not as essential as for breeds with long hair and permanent loss, as in the case of a Cocker Spaniel or German Spitz.


Its character is somewhat stubborn, so its training can become a bit complicated. But the Pug, like all breeds, needs to be trained and socialised well from a puppy.

The Pug is a calm dog unlike other small breeds, it is not prone to barking, nor does it have an interest in biting or digging. They are very affectionate and get along well with any children in the house.


The Pug has the peculiarity of having bulging eyes. It is advisable to clean them with a damp cotton cloth at least once a week.

The folds in the skin of the face also require the same care in order to eliminate moisture, fungus, and chafing. Dry the folds well to avoid irritation.

Cleaning of the ears is also important since due to their drooping shape, they do not allow air circulation and so moisture is retained and this can cause fungal or bacteriological infections.


The shape of the skull is largely the reason for its main ailments. Its round head and short muzzle make it difficult to breathe and therefore decrease mobility. Like most short-snouted breeds, they are not very heat tolerant and can experience breathing difficulty very easily.


Due to its respiratory and mobility problems, being overweight is a serious health problem in this breed. Therefore, you should not overfeed them. A balanced diet with the right portion sizes is recommended. An overweight Pug can suffer from complications in the spine and joints.

Physical activity

To avoid weight gain, a 30-minute walk a day is beneficial. The Pug breed is not as active as many other breeds such as the Welsh Sheepdog, which have a greater capacity for exercise.

The life expectancy of a Pug is 13 to 15 years.


Reproduction is not easy and it is necessary to be very informed so that the process comes to fruition for both the mother and the puppies.

The sexual maturity of Pug stud dogs is around 24 months. Although young females might have gone through some periods of heat, mounting should be avoided since the body of an immature female may not resist and suffer an abortion that makes it impossible to have puppies later.

Selecting a good Pug stud

It is important to investigate the health of any stud dogs for breeding to avoid transmitting diseases that put the health of the puppies at risk. In particular, any pug stud dogs considered should be health tested and certified as free of Pug dog encephalitis (PDE clear) which is a debilitating disease common in this breed. And it is also advisable to consider at least two stud dogs in case the first one fails.

It is best to select experienced pug stud dogs, as untrained males can injure the female. The mounting process can be complicated and stressful, so it is advisable to do it in a clean place with good space. Once completed, the animals will have to be helped to relax with a walk and treats. When the female becomes pregnant, a gestation of 50 to 65 days is expected, a period during which special attention should be paid to her care.

When searching for a Pug stud in the UK, first, filter by advert type, whether the stud has a KC Reg No., and the location ( West Midlands, etc.) of the dog available for stud services, and finally, price. You should also enquire about the success rate of the stud. Expect the price for a KC registered pug stud with a proven track record of consistently producing healthy puppies to be higher than for others. The price can vary from £200 to £700.

Final thoughts

The price of a Pug stud should not be the number one priority when looking for breeding options. Invest the time and effort to find a high-quality Pug stud that is KC registered, has had its general health tested, and is PDE clear. Pug breeding is not without complications, so choosing an experienced and healthy stud is recommended for the best results.

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